Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario, in the South-East of Canada. Famous for the commercial and financial situation is also important as multicultural centre.
The strategic position, on the Lake Ontario, facilitates the communication with United States. In the other hand, it also increases the commercial economy of the city with its access to Atlantic shipping through the St. Lawrence Seaway.
Most of all, due to its favorable position, the international trades makes its economy between the greatest, influencing and getting influence from the US.
Toronto has a continental clime, largely modified by the proximity of the Great Lakes.The average temperature during January is lower than -4.2°C (-20° F). Even when the wind can decrease its temperature considerably. July temperature is about 22°C (70° F); however it’s not unusual that there are period of hot days with 32° C (90° F).
The westerly winds and the Great Lake influence a lot the precipitation flow, around 834 mm per year.
The skyline of the city is nowadays mainly characterized by the presence of the CN Tower. Communications and observation spire of 553 meters high.
Many other buildings are showing up for their wonderful architecture: Scotia Plaza, Canada Trust Tower, Commerce Court, Toronto-Dominion Centre, Manulife Centre and Bay Adelaide Centre, the City Hall, the Eaton Centre, gilded Royal Bank Plaza, libraries and museums.
Despite of all those important and historical buildings, even restaurants, underground tunnels, shops, theatres and new projects of new houses increase the spirit of the city.
The city shows an efficiency working connection to the waterfront. Ferry service connects the dock area to the Toronto islands, where to find airport, yacht clubs, recreation facilities, a residential community.
The population of Toronto has been influenced by many political and economic events which affected the city of Ontario. The American Revolution and the World War II made Toronto one of the main destinations for immigrants coming from all over Europe during the 1950 and the ‘60s. The immigration was event improved by changes in the policies of the related laws which transformed Toronto onto a cosmopolitan city.
After the great depression between 1870 and 1890, the whole state met an economical growth. It was due to a new policy that imposed higher taxed for the incoming products. Often so high that it was better to buy local goods. After the globalization Ontario started producing more than the half of Canada’s manufactured goods and started exporting most of them.
Toronto is important as a financial centre with the headquarters of several banks. Dominant stock exchange capitalizing on the many metal mines being opened in Canada generally and in the Canadian Shield to the north particularly.
Soon Toronto became a major financial, administration, real estate, insurance, educational, wholesaling, retailing, and tourist destination centre. The city gained national financial supremacy housing five of the six national banks.
The influx of people resulted in higher-density core development as well as suburbanization, and both increased the need for public transportation. Since the horse-drawn service to the subway system and the normal roads, the city had to face the challenging congestion of many of its roads resulting in the benefits of the public transport system. This made the city more pedestrian and livable.
With expanding population largely from other parts of the world, Toronto was facing numerous health concerns. First health officer was in 1883 to deal with infectious diseases and to increase public knowledge regarding sanitation and other disease prevention activities.
Toronto constructed hospitals in the early days. Mainly to care for people with infectious diseases.
A 24-hour 7-days-a-week Telehealth program allows anyone to talk to a qualified nurse. Who can direct people to the appropriate facility or suggest remedies. The health services in Toronto reflect the multicultural makeup of the city. Giving medical information in more than two dozen languages.
Education options in Toronto reflect the diversity of its population and thereby offer a wide range of options between public and private systems as well as between English- and French-speaking schools. The public system is free, with kindergarten students starting at four years old.
High-school students choose between programs of general studies leading to college or trade school options. Advanced studies lead to university entrance.
At the post-secondary level are three universities—the University of Toronto (1827), York University (1959), and Ryerson University (2002). The University of Toronto is one of the top universities in Canada and is globally respected for its research. Three campuses and 90 thousands students.